448B-4-Lomandra-longifolia-fr-Marilyn-Gray.jpg

Lomandra longifolia ssp. longifolia

Spiny-headed Mat-rush, Karawun

Dense perennial tussock. Male and female flowers on separate plants.

Additional information

  • FamilyAsparagaceae (syn. Xanthorrhoeaceae)
  • StoreyLower storey
  • Size0.5-1 m x 0.5-1.2 m
  • Plant groupingLilies & Irises
  • LeavesSmooth bright green strap-like leaves 0.5-1 m x 4-10 mm, flat to slightly curved, tip 2- to 3-pointed.
  • Flower colourYellow
  • Flowering timeSeptember to February
  • FlowersScented flowers in rings on flower spikes 12-50 cm long, male many branched, more than 15 cm x 3 cm; female may be unbranched. Stem yellow or green. Spiky bracts at base of flower clusters, longer than clusters. Capsules orange.
  • Bird attractingSeeds
  • Butterfly attractingBoth food for caterpillars and nectar for butterflies.
  • Frog habitatYes
  • Growing conditionsWell drained soils, common in heathy woodland, open and closed forests. Frost tolerant. Full sun, semi to dappled shade.
  • Garden useExcellent landscaping plant, very tolerant of a range of conditions including dry shade. Provides a vertical line in the garden.
  • Commercially availableGenerally
  • Conservation statusWidespread within the Shire
  • Aboriginal Use Food - nectar; Leaves - basket-making
  • Related speciesLomandra longifolia ssp. exilis is distinguished by narrower leaves, mostly unbranched, smaller male spikes, smaller floral bracts, spike stem purplish.
Photographer/s: 1, 4 Marilyn Bull ©; 2 Swee Oon ©; 3, 5 Peter Kinchington ©

Plant Communities

  • 01 Alpine Ash Montane Damp Forest (EVC 38)
  • 27 Red Stringybark Grassy Dry Forest - Dandenongs (EVC 22)
  • 03 Narrow-leaf Peppermint Montane damp Forest (EVC 38)
  • 29 Green Scentbark Herb-rich Foothill Forest (EVC 23)
  • 04 Alpine Ash Montane Wet Forest (EVC 39)
  • 30 Swamp Gum Swampy Riparian Woodland (EVC 83)
  • 05 Mountain Ash Forest - Central Highlands (EVC 30)
  • 31 Candlebark Grassy Forest (EVC 128)
  • 07 Mountain Grey Gum Damp Forest - Central Highlands (EVC 29)
  • 33 Mountain Swamp Gum Swampy Riparian Woodland (EVC 83)
  • 08 Mountain Grey Gum Damp Forest – Dandenongs (EVC 29)
  • 34 Manna Gum Floodplain Riparian Woodland (EVC 56)
  • 13 Manna Gum Riparian Forest - Upper Yarra (EVC 18)
  • 35 Floodplain Wetland Complex (EVC 172)
  • 15 Scented Paperbark Riparian Thicket - Middle & Upper Yarra (EVC 59)
  • 37 Yarra Gum Grassy Woodland (EVC 175)
  • 16 Messmate Shrubby Foothill Forest Central Highlands/UpperYarra (EVC 45)
  • 38 Yellow Box Valley Grassy Forest – Middle Yarra (EVC 47)
  • 17 Messmate Herb-rich Foothill Forest (EVC 23)
  • 39 Sedge Wetland Complex (EVC 136)
  • 18 Messmate Shrubby Foothill Forest - Dandenongs (EVC 45)
  • 40 Snow Gum Grassy Woodland (EVC 175/37)
  • 19 Long-leaf Box Herb-rich Foothill Forest (EVC 23)
  • 41 Swamp Paperbark Riparian Thicket (EVC 59)
  • 20 Messmate Lowland Forest (EVC 16)
  • 42 Yellow Box Valley Grassy Forest - Christmas Hills (EVC 47)
  • 21 Broad-leaf Peppermint Heathy Dry Forest (EVC 20)
  • 43 Buxton Gum Swampy Riparian Woodland (EVC 83)
  • 22 Silver-leaf Stringybark Heathy Woodland (EVC 48)
  • 44 Grassy Wetland Complex (EVC 125)
  • 25 Long-leaf Box Grassy Dry Forest - Southern Dandenongs (EVC 22)
  • 46 Silvertop Ash Heathy Dry Forest (EVC 20)
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