Senecio linearifolius var. linearifolius

Fireweed Groundsel

Erect to shrubby aromatic perennial herb with mainly hairless stems. Many-stemmed from the base but branching mostly in upper half.

Additional information

  • FamilyAsteraceae
  • StoreyLower storey
  • Size1-2 m x 1-1.5 m
  • Plant groupingShrubs to 2m
  • LeavesNarrow stalkless stem leaves 10-20 cm x 1.5-4.5 mm, small ear-like lobes at base; usually hairless below, secondary veins hardly or not raised; margins entire, narrowly rolled under. Upper leaves smaller.
  • Flower colourBright yellow
  • Flowering timeNovember to March
  • FlowersLarge terminal flat-topped clusters of daisy flowerheads with 4-8 ray florets.
  • Bird attractingNo
  • Butterfly attractingBoth food for caterpillars and nectar for butterflies.
  • Frog habitatNo
  • Growing conditionsCool moist soils in foothill forests and woodlands. Colonising plant especially after fire and other disturbance. Semi-shade, dappled to full shade.
  • Garden useAn attractive understorey plant with bright flowers over summer. Foliage has a distinctive varnishy smell, giving that delightful bushy aroma on humid days.
  • Commercially availableWholesale only - order in advance
  • Conservation statusWidespread within the Shire
  • Related speciesSenecio linearifolius var. latifolius (montane form) is distinguished by broader, elliptic leaves to 14 cm x 50 mm, sometimes lobed at base, teeth crowded along minutely recurved margins. Both secondary and tertiary veins obvious on hairless lower surface. Flowerheads have 4-5 ray florets. Occurs in wet mountain forests above 1000 m. Senecio linearifolius var. denticulatus has toothed margins on the leaves.
Photographer/s: 1, 3 Marilyn Bull ©; 2 Yarra Ranges Council photo library

Plant Communities

  • 30 Swamp Gum Swampy Riparian Woodland (EVC 83)
  • 16 Messmate Shrubby Foothill Forest Central Highlands/UpperYarra (EVC 45)
  • 12 Manna Gum Riparian Forest - Dandenongs (EVC 18)
  • 08 Mountain Grey Gum Damp Forest – Dandenongs (EVC 29)
  • 26 Red Stringybark Grassy Dry Forest - Middle Yarra (EVC 22)
  • 07 Mountain Grey Gum Damp Forest - Central Highlands (EVC 29)
  • 06 Mountain Ash Wet Forest - Dandenongs (EVC 30)
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