Typha orientalis

Broadleaf Cumbungi

Vigorous erect cane-like perennial herb spreading by underground stems. Terminal spike of male flowers above spike of female flowers on same stem. Plant remains green in winter.

Additional information

  • SynonymSeparated from Typha angustifolia
  • FamilyTyphaceae
  • StoreyMiddle storey
  • Size2-4.5 m high x spreading
  • Plant groupingAquatic & Semi aquatic
  • LeavesBluish to grey-green strap leaves near the base of stem, to 2 m x 6-20 mm, leaf sheath at base of leaves, top 2-4 with ear-shaped lobes. Leaves bi-convex in cross section.
  • Flower colourChestnut-brown
  • Flowering timeDecember to May
  • FlowersDense cylindrical spikes, male and female 0-3.5 cm apart. Female flowers have few or no narrowly spoon-shaped bracts, stigma narrowly oval, often folded, length of spike 7-30 cm x 5-20 mm wide.
  • Bird attractingHabitat - nesting and/or safety
  • Butterfly attractingNo
  • Frog habitatYes
  • Growing conditionsSemi-aquatic to aquatic, up to 1 m deep along edges of waterways and swamps. Full sun, semi-shade.
  • Garden useVery vigorous in wet areas, not tolerating drying out. Can be difficult to control unless roots are restricted.
  • Commercially availableNo information available
  • Conservation statusLocally common within its preferred growing conditions
  • Aboriginal Use Food - young shoots (raw), root (steamed, roasted); leaf - string (fibre), weaving
  • Related speciesVery similar to Typha domingensis, often growing together. Refer to sheet for specific differences - include distance between male & female spikes, size of female spike, bracts, stigma, sheaths. Typha latifolia - introduced species, dies down in winter. Female spike dark red-brown to black-brown, bracts absent, stigmas broad at tip, flat and fleshy; leaves almost flat in cross section.
Photographer/s: 1, 2, 4 Marilyn Bull ©; 3 Peter Kinchington ©

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  • 41 Swamp Paperbark Riparian Thicket (EVC 59)
  • 34 Manna Gum Floodplain Riparian Woodland (EVC 56)
  • 47 Open Water - Reservoirs, lakes, etc (EVC 718)
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