Dianella callicarpa

Swamp Flax-lily

Densely tufted perennial spreading from short underground stems.

Additional information

  • SynonymSeparated from Dianella tasmanica
  • FamilyAsphodelaceae (syn. Hemerocallidaceae, Liliaceae, Phormiaceae)
  • StoreyLower storey
  • Size0.3-1.6 m x 1.5 m
  • Plant groupingLilies & Irises
  • LeavesThin, mid to dark green glossy strap leaves 0.3-1.6 m x 8-20 mm, arching downwards. Leaf sheath closely folded and fused. Minutely saw-toothed on margins and midrib on lower surface, especially towards tip.
  • Flower colourBluish-violet, maroon on the back. Anthers lemon, swollen stamen stalk orange.
  • Flowering timeAugust to February
  • FlowersNodding flowers on widely spreading flowerheads to 50 cm long, petals bent back to stem. Berries large, lumpy, glossy purple.
  • Bird attractingBerries
  • Butterfly attractingNo
  • Frog habitatNo
  • Growing conditionsMoist to wet soils in damp forests of Dandenong Ranges. Dappled shade.
  • Garden usePlant under trees in moist to wet gardens. Can be grown with ferns. Use as an alternative to Agapanthus in sheltered positions.
  • Commercially availableNever
  • Conservation statusRare in Victoria with few known populations. Within the Shire known from one area in the Dandenongs.
  • Aboriginal Use Leaves - basket making, plaiting into cords
  • Related speciesDistinguish from D. tasmanica by narrower leaves, less than 2 cm, anther is longer than swollen stalk, flower head is more open and berry is lumpy rather than smooth.
Photographer/s: 1, 3 Neville Walsh, Royal Botanic Gardens Board ©; 2 Lorraine Phelan, NatureShare ©

Plant Communities

  • 06 Mountain Ash Wet Forest - Dandenongs (EVC 30)
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